Today we go over some Quora questions on the universe and Creationism and answer a question from one of our listeners.
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Hi everyone! This is episode eight of the Metaphysics of Physics podcast.
I am Ashna, your host and guide through the hallowed halls of the philosophy of science. Thanks for tuning in!
With this show, we are fighting for a more rational world, mostly by looking through the lens of the philosophy of science. We raise awareness of issues within the philosophy of science and present alternative and rational approaches.
You can find all the episodes, transcripts and subscription options on the website at metaphysicsofphysics.com.
Today we will be doing a Q&A episode revolving around the theme of the universe and creationism. These are questions we found looking around the Quora platform where Dwayne has an account if you wish to follow. We will also be answering a question submitted by one of our listeners.
Ok so let’s begin.
It would, ignoring parts of Earth (and possibly other worlds with intelligent life) look much the same as it does now.
Mathematics is a science of method invented by people to help them measure things. Without it, we would lack the ability to do much science and we would know almost nothing about the world or our universe.
Without it, we would know nothing about engineering and we would be unable to build most of the technology that we have.
But, other than the fact that the universe would lack all those things people built, it would be much the same.
Despite what many physicists believe, mathematics is not fundamental to the universe. It is just something people use to measure things in the universe.
Some people cannot understand the “unreasonable success” of mathematics.
Well, it is not unreasonable at all, it is entirely predictable and obvious, if you understand what mathematics is: a method of quantifying relationships and performing measurements!
If you know that, then why should it be surprising that mathematics is able to … quantify and measure the universe?
Firstly, who said the universe was created? The universe is simply “all that exists”. It presupposes some kind of existence.
There is no explaining existence, an explanation would require something to already exist. Any explanation would presuppose something to exist.
A creator would suppose that something existed. At least himself. But are we meant to suppose that he is the only thing that existed way back in time? That he is some kind of omnipotent being?
Sorry, everything that exists has a nature. But, to have a specific nature means that there are some things you can do and somethings that you cannot. That therefore limits and logically excludes omnipotence. Or even the kind of power that allows one to create a universe.
How is having a creator that can create a universe any kind of logical explanation?
And more obviously, once you decide that the universe has to be created, you need to invent a creator. But, then you need to explain that creator. You need another creator and then another one and another one. It is creators all the way down.
I suppose one could assume that the creator just magically appeared out of nothing. But, if we are going to accept that, is it not simply easier to assume the universe appeared out of nothing?
But, neither the universe nor a creator can appear out of nowhere. If nothing existed, then there is nothing that can cause a creator or a universe to come to exist.
No. The only possibility we are really left with is that the universe always existed. Which is the same as saying that something has always existed.
No creator, sorry.
How are atheists so adamant that there’s no “god”? Isn’t that just as naive as believing there is one?
No, there is nothing “naive” about requiring evidence to believe that something exists. And there is absolutely no evidence that God exists. Just a bunch of claims that never match observable reality and never stand up to a moment of rational thought.
Why should we believe that there is a God? I guess if we ignore logic and reality and just accept nonsensical claims of faith, then we could find a so-called “reason”. But, I am not willing to do those things.
But, it is worse than that, the very nature of God is just impossible. The laws of nature and logic make it clear that no such being could ever exist. By definition, any god is supernatural and thus outside the bounds of nature.
There is nothing at all naive about not finding any reason to believe God is possible and indeed finding a thousand reasons why he could not possibly exist.
Let me deal with one objection some of you might raise: Isn’t this trying to prove a negative? I thought you could not prove a negative…
That does not apply here. If someone makes a claim that contradicts rational metaphysics, the laws of physics or other known aspects of reality, then you most certainly can prove that it is false.
Simply show that if it was true, it would contradict reality. This establishes that it is false.
So, let’s try to prove that there are no gods.